Differential NECL Fanout w/Monitor
A satellite customer in Korea needed a custom buffer and switch matrix to select feeds from 2 of 3 receivers and distribute the outputs to two pairs of frame synchronizers and a monitor/test point, so that a controller could activate the backup receiver in case of a failure.
This was designed with all off-the-shelf PRL products, and required no engineering.
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Distribute NECL I/Q Differential NECL streams from 3 receivers into an acquisition path and a monitor path, with each acquisition path feeding two frame synchronizers, under computer control.
A set of eight PRL-431AN-SMA, 1:2 Differential NECL Fanout Buffers, two PRL-434A, 1:4 Differential NECL Fanout Buffers, four PRL-852A-RM-SMA switches, and a PRL-4216N, 16:2 NECL Terminator/Scanner were integrated into a PRL-MRK-3-1 Rackmount Kit.
The switches are controlled by a PRL-USB-I/O module and all the modules are powered by the internal power supply, and distributed by a PRL-730 DC Power Distribution module.
Each of 3 satellite receivers feeds Differential NECL I/Q streams into a pair of PRL-431AN NECL fanout buffers. One I/Q stream goes into a switch, and the other goes into a PRL-4216N Differential NECL Scanner/Terminator, where the levels are shifted to allow monitoring on a standard 50 Ohm oscilloscope.
Each of two pairs of PRL-852A-RM, 2 x 1:2 RF Switches selects an I/Q stream either from the Primary receiver or from the Backup receiver, and the selected I/Q stream then feeds another pair of PRL-431AN fanout buffers to feed two Frame Synchronizers.
This architecture provides redundancy at every point in the signal chain, while providing a scannable test path to monitor for failures and switch receivers as necessary.
The "I" half of the solution is diagrammed above; an identical "Q" path is omitted for clarity..